There are many organizations that provide information and guidance on all aspects of health and safety. These include:
Cheryl has just been promoted to the position of deputy manager at ABC Day Nursery, a registered setting that provides places for children aged six months to five years. The manager has asked Cheryl to review and update the health and safety policies at the nursery.
Investigate the procedures in your placement or workplace setting for:
Using additional information from the Health and Safety Executive (www.hse.gov.uk), create a health and safety report that explains the ways in which these procedures contribute to children’s health and wellbeing
Most infections are caused by harmful organisms such as bacteria or viruses (these are both often referred to as ‘germs’). These organisms can easily spread from person to person through the process of cross-infection and this can happen in a variety of different ways.
Understand how to prevent the spread of infection. Explain why it is important to control the spread of infection in the early years setting. Analyze how procedures in early year’s settings prevent the spread of infection.
Young children are vulnerable to infection, as their immune systems are still developing. Policies and procedures to prevent the spread of infection are extremely important for protecting children from illness and promoting good health. In settings where there are groups of children together, the infection can easily spread from one child to another. Early years practitioners have a responsibility to follow strict procedures in order to prevent infection from spreading. One of the main ways to prevent the spread of infection in early years settings is through the practice of frequent hand washing, by children, staff, other adults and visitors to the setting. The Health Protection Agency (HPA) recommended hand washing procedure; practice using this method until it becomes your routine way of washing your hands.
Another important way to prevent the spread of infection in an early years setting is by using appropriate equipment and resources. For example, you should use disposable gloves and aprons, appropriate waste bins for hazardous waste (including dirty nappies), disposable tissues and paper towels. The spread of infection can be minimized if all staff follow guidelines, use equipment correctly and encourage children to do the same.
Thorough hand washing, particularly after using the toilet and outdoor play
Regular cleaning and disinfection of equipment, toys and play materials Body fluids (blood, urine, vomit)
Some infections can spread from one person to another by direct exchange of body fluids (e.g. hepatitis, HIV and AIDS). Always use the Standard Infection Control Precautions when dealing with blood and other body fluids. Wear disposable aprons and gloves.
Dispose of nappies, blood-soaked dressings and other used first aid materials appropriately. Cover your own cuts with waterproof, adhesive dressings.
There are many ways for practitioners to control the spread of infection in early years settings.
Accurate record keeping can help practitioners take appropriate precautions to control the spread of infection. Records must be easily accessible, although confidential information about children must be held securely (according to the requirements of the General Data Protection Regulations 2016. Information held about each child in the setting should include:
Most cases of infectious diseases in early year’s settings must be reported to Ofsted). The outbreak of some infectious diseases (such as meningitis) must be reported to the Health Protection Agency (HPA). In some cases, this may lead to the closure of the setting for a period of time. It is very important to report and record all information accurately and to provide clear information and reassurance for parents.
There are many ways for practitioners to control the spread of infection in early year’s settings. Measures used to control the spread of infection.
Understand how to prevent the spread of infection
Explain why it is important to control the spread of infection in the early years setting.
Analyze how procedures in early year’s settings prevent the spread of infection. Make sure you clean and disinfect surfaces, equipment, and play materials on a regular basis
Recognizing and reporting hazards: Hazards can be present in many different forms in early years setting Give some examples. All of these hazards can pose a risk to the children, staff and other adults in the setting, so it is important to make regular checks in both the indoor and outdoor environments. Most settings, including home-based care with childminders, will have an established system for recognizing and reporting hazards in order to minimize the risk and initiate an action plan for improvement. This will vary depending on the type of setting, the age, and stage of development of the children and the layout of the environment.